Ghana is located in Western Africa, between Cote d’Ivoire and Togo, and bordered by the Gulf of Guinea.
Ghana is mostly low plains with dissected plateau in the south-central area.
Ghana has a tropical climate. It is warm and comparatively dry along the southeast coast, hot and humid in the southwest, and hot and dry in the north.
Ghana’s economy was strengthened by a quarter century of relatively sound management, a competitive business environment, and sustained reductions in poverty levels, but in recent years has suffered the consequences of loose fiscal policy, high budget and current account deficits, and a depreciating currency. Ghana has a market-based economy with relatively few policy barriers to trade and investment in comparison with other countries in the region, and Ghana is well-endowed with natural resources.
Agriculture accounts for nearly one-quarter of GDP and employs more than half of the workforce, mainly small landholders. The services sector accounts for about half of GDP. Gold and cocoa exports, and individual remittances, are major sources of foreign exchange. Expansion of Ghana’s burgeoning oil industry has boosted economic growth. As of 2015, the biggest single economic issue facing Ghana is the lack of consistent electricity. While the government is taking steps to improve the situation, little progress has been made.
77% of Ghana's population 15 and over can read and write.
24% of the population is below the poverty line.
45% of the population work in agriculture, 41% work in services, and 14% work in industry.